The vegetation of Kamchatka is unique and strongly differs from the vegetation in other areas of the Far East. Approximately one third of Kamchatka territory is covered with forests. These are mainly birch forests (Erman's birch), less spread are larch, poplar and alder forests Hillsides are covered with stlannik (i.e. low growing brushwood - elfin cedar and dwarf alder). The most common tree species in Kamchatka is stone birch tree. Kamchatka woods are rich in great variety of wild berries such as: cowberry, raspberry, ashberry, cranberry, cloudberry, honey-suckle.
Fauna of the Kamchatka Peninsula is rich and varied. Nine hundred eighteen species and subspecies of vertebrates inhabit the territory of the peninsula and coastal area. Among them there are:
- 500 species and subspecies offish (sturgeons, sharks, skates, whitef ish, salmons, greenlings, rockfish, flounders, codfish, and sculpins;
- 322 species and subspecies of birds accipitridae, falconidae, anatidae, laridae,alcidae, passeridae and others);
- 88 species of mammals (23 species of cetacean, 9 species of pinniped, brown bears, moose, snow sheep, reindeers, otters and others lampreys;
- 2 species of reptiles
- 3 species of Siberian salamander and mash frog);
- 1 species of amphibians (leatherback was found twice by the shore of Kamchatka).
All the species of Pacific salmon inhabit the rivers of Kamchatka (6) either noble salmon (Kamchatka steelhead, rainbow trout) and 8 species of char. Freshwater Ichthyofauna accounts for 30 species of fish including introduced carp and char.